Archies Plumbing

Need Help Now? Call Us!

How to Fix Hard Water Problems

  1. Water Softeners:
    • Install a water softener: A water softener is a device that removes the minerals responsible for hard water. It uses a process called ion exchange to replace calcium and magnesium ions with sodium ions.
    • Consult a professional: Hire a plumber to assess your water hardness and recommend the appropriate size and type of water softener for your home.
    • Regular maintenance: Ensure that your water softener is properly maintained by replenishing the salt in the brine tank as needed.
  2. Descaling Products:
    • Use descaling products: You can find descaling solutions and products designed to remove scale buildup from faucets, showerheads, and other fixtures. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for best results.
    • Soak fixtures: For stubborn scale buildup, you can soak affected fixtures in a descaling solution or vinegar to dissolve the minerals. Rinse thoroughly afterward.
  3. Protect Appliances:
    • Install water conditioners: Water conditioners can help protect your appliances by reducing the scaling effect of hard water. Consult a plumber for installation options.
    • Regular maintenance: Periodically check and clean appliance components like heating elements to remove scale buildup. Follow manufacturer guidelines for maintenance.
  4. Skin and Hair Care:
    • Use moisturizing products: To combat the effects of hard water on your skin and hair, use moisturizing lotions and shampoos.
    • Consider a shower filter: Installing a showerhead filter can help reduce the impact of hard water on your skin and hair by removing some of the minerals.


Dealing with hard water issues can be challenging, but with the right strategies and solutions, you can minimize its impact on your plumbing system, appliances, and personal comfort. If you need professional assistance with addressing hard water problems in your home, don’t hesitate to contact Archie’s Plumbing. Our team of experts is here to help you enjoy the benefits of soft water and a hassle-free plumbing experience.

How Water Softeners Work

Water softeners are essential appliances that help improve the quality of your household water by reducing the concentration of minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium, which can cause hard water. Hard water can lead to problems like scale buildup in pipes, appliances, and fixtures, reduced soap lathering, and skin and hair issues. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how water softeners work:

  1. Ion Exchange Process:
  • Water softeners use a process called ion exchange to remove calcium and magnesium ions from the water.
  • Inside the water softener, there is a resin tank filled with tiny resin beads, which are negatively charged.
  1. Water Inflow:
  • Hard water enters the resin tank through the inlet valve.
  1. Ion Exchange:
  • As the hard water flows through the resin beads, the calcium and magnesium ions are attracted to the negatively charged resin.
  • These ions swap places with sodium ions, which are positively charged and also present on the resin beads.
  • The calcium and magnesium ions are trapped by the resin, effectively removing them from the water.
  1. Softened Water Outlet:
  • The now-softened water continues its journey through the resin tank and exits through the outlet valve.
  1. Regeneration:
  • Over time, the resin beads become saturated with calcium and magnesium ions and need to be regenerated.
  • During regeneration, a brine solution (highly concentrated saltwater) is flushed through the resin tank.
  • The sodium ions in the brine solution replace the calcium and magnesium ions on the resin beads, and the removed minerals are flushed out as waste.

Common Questions and Answers

Q1: How can I tell if I have hard water? A1: Signs of hard water include white scale buildup on faucets and appliances, soap scum in sinks and showers, reduced soap lathering, and dry skin and hair. You can also get a water hardness test kit to measure the hardness of your water.

Q2: How often should I regenerate my water softener? A2: The frequency of regeneration depends on the water hardness and the size of your water softener. Most water softeners are set to regenerate automatically when needed, but it’s typically done every few days or weeks.

Q3: Is softened water safe to drink? A3: Softened water is safe to drink, but some people prefer to have a separate tap for drinking water that bypasses the water softener to avoid the slightly elevated sodium content. The sodium level in softened water is usually not a concern for most individuals.

Q4: Can I install a water softener myself? A4: While some people with plumbing experience can install a water softener, it’s often best to hire a professional plumber. Incorrect installation can lead to problems and void warranties.

Q5: How do I maintain my water softener? A5: Regular maintenance includes adding salt to the brine tank, checking for any salt bridges or crusts that may form, and ensuring the control settings are appropriate for your water hardness. A yearly inspection by a professional is also recommended.

By understanding how water softeners work and addressing common questions, you can make informed decisions about improving the quality of your household water and ensuring your plumbing systems run smoothly. If you have more specific questions or need assistance with your water softener, don’t hesitate to contact us at Archie’s Plumbing for expert advice and services.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top